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Philosophy & Strategy for Christian Ministries (CMI 421)

This guide provides resources to help support the CED 421 course and assignments.

Citation Tools [boxes with page title should be floating boxes]

Citation Style & Tools


Find resources for your professor’s preferred citation style and learn about the tools available to help make citing sources faster.

Note!: This is a standard citation guide for this subject, but please verify with your professor about their preferred citation style.

Citation Style

Citation Style


Citation Styles

MLA Style Guide Available at ZL

Online Guides for MLA Style

Visit the sites listed below for excellent resources on general MLA formatting and specific types of citations.

Citation Tools

Citation tools



ZoteroZotero is an extremely useful resource that helps with citation (and full-text article) collection and organization and bibliography/works cited creation.

  • Easy, quick, open-source (Free) citation manager
  • Works with PC/Mac OS's and Firefox, Chrome, Safari browsers 
  • "Reads" citation data on a web page (icon which allows you to save a citation appears in line with address bar in browser)
  • Format citation in any of 8000+ styles available from Zotero
  • Find help: Getting Your Stuff into Zotero



WorldCat Research StationWorldCat offers fast citations for each item located in it, similar to what Google Scholar provides. Always double-check with appropriate citation requirements, pieces of the complete citation are often missing.

  • Search for your resource (book, article, report, etc.)
  • Click on item title
  • Find "Cite/Export" link in upper right portion of record
  • Choose from several styles

Google Scholar

Google Scholar

Google ScholarGoogle Scholar provides quick citations for items found through its database. Double-check provided citations, however. There is typically at least one piece missing from the citation.

  • Easy, quick, no-download-necessary citation grabber
  • Search for your article by title
  • Use "Cite" link below publication information
  • Choose from several styles

Similar to what Google Scholar provides, WorldCat offers a fast citation for each item you locate in it. Always double-check with appropriate citation requirements, however, as pieces of the complete citation are often missing.

Other Citation Tools

Other Citation Tools

Citation toolsOther Citation Tools

Most Library databases have auto-cite features.

If you need help figuring out how to use them, stop by the Ask desk for assistance.




Plagiarism & Citations

When citing, be sure to understand what plagiarism is and isn't. If there are still questions contact the Writing Center or practice avoiding plagiarism. Remember, it is better to cite a source than risk plagiarism!

Zotero 101

What is Zotero? 

Zotero [zoh-TAIR-oh] is a free, easy-to-use tool to help you collect, organize, cite, and share your research sources. Essentially, Zotero allows you to cite sources in papers properly and then create a list of references once a paper is complete. 

What are the benefits of Zotero?’s free! It’s simple (after you get the hang of it). It’s cloud-based. It’s multi-platform (Windows, Mac, Linux)

How do you install it? (Disclaimer: this is Windows- and Office-based and may be slightly different if using a Linux or Mac operating system)

Although there is a stand-alone version of Zotero with plug-ins to various browsers, the version I prefer is used with the Firefox web browser as it eliminates the need to have Zotero Standalone.

Firefox has “plug-ins” which is how Zotero works in Firefox.  Open Firefox and then to download the Zotero plug-in for Firefox. 

Now that you have Firefox and the Zotero plug-in, you’ll want to register.  This will only take a few minutes and is the standard username and password deal. Registration allows you to access your sources anywhere once you have the Zotero software.

One more step: using Firefox download the Microsoft Word plug-in Firefox extension (there are plug-ins for freeware office suites as well-see the Zotero website for more details). This Firefox plug-in communicates with Word and allows the Zotero citations to be imported into your papers.  Consequently, Firefox must be opened/running when writing a paper for Zotero to work!

So, how do you use it?

First, you can compile sources into your cloud-based Zotero storage in several ways.  You can add sources manually, but the document icon as seen in the web address bar to the left of the star is the quick and easy way to add sources from Google Scholar, PubMed, Amazon, etc.        

When you click the document icon to save the citation, you will see a message at the bottom right of your browser that pops up and looks like this:

You can do this for just about anything - websites, texts, articles...almost anything you can find online.  You can also organize your citations into folders like I’ve done:

Now, that you have some resources, it’s time to finally put them into your paper.  When you open Word, you’ll notice on the ribbon (i.e., at the top of Word), you have a new tab called “Add-Ins”.

Clicking on Add-Ins will reveal all of the Zotero buttons such as “insert citation” and “insert bibliography”.

To start adding sources, simply select the “insert citation” button.  An option to choose what style you prefer will appear.  Select your preference (If you don’t see the style you need, you can always check the thousands of additional styles found in the Zotero repository). 

Once you select your preference, you’ll have a Google search-like bar pop up.

Just type in some information that Zotero would use to identify your source (author name, article title, etc.), select the proper source from the drop down menu, and hit enter.  Voilà!

When you are finished with a paper and want to enter your references, just click the “insert bibliography” button that was back under the Add-Ins tab at the top of Word. 

Voila!  You have your finely formatted paper with less work.

Your turn!

Download what you don’t have, register, do some quick searches, and play with Zotero and Word...GO!

What else does Zotero offer?

Group work, etc.

Limitations of Zotero

Not 100% accurate - you need to double-check the information! 

Doesn’t teach students much about APA, MLA, or the other citations styles...just how to click.

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